The PSU herbarium was initially found in purpose
of teaching, however, It gradually becomes more important as a
reference collection for various kind of researches related to
plants in the region of Peninsular Thailand.
The Herbarium specimen collection at PSU
Herbarium took place in 1970 in the Department of Biology, Faculty
of Science, Prince of Songkla University. The collection has
gradually increased in size over the years with the help of
department staff as well as the students, especially, the graduate
students in Plant Taxonomy and Plant Ecology. Unfortunately at the
initial stage, mould and insects, due to inadequate facilities,
destroyed many specimens.
The present herbarium began to take shape in 1974
with the support from the World Bank and the kind contributions from
the late Prof. Kasin Suvatabhandhu, Dept. of Botany, Chulalongkorn University, a famous Thai botanist at that time.
In 1976 Prof. Jack Cannon from the University of
Western Australia initiated phytochemistry research at PSU. This had
made the increase in number of plant specimens too.
More specimens were added to the herbarium from
1977 1979 when two American botanists from Harvard University, Mr.
Gordon Congdon and Mr. Clement Hamilton, joined the herbarium. Some
of their collections from Tarutao National Park in Peninsular
Thailand are of significant value, since there are many rare species
From 1984 1986, the number of specimens had been
increasing significantly when Mr. James .F. Maxwell was attached to
the herbarium after his job assignment in the Singapore Botanical Garden.
There were more than 7000 specimens by 1987 when
the herbarium became internationally known after appearing in the Index Herbariorum.
After 1980s, due to the diversity of researches
in the Faculty of Science at PSU which deal with plants and related
group such as algae and lichens, more collection have been added to
the herbarium as the voucher specimens of those research works. Among those collections, there is the nice collection of lichens
from peninsular Thailand by Assoc. Prof. Feeya Amatavanich and co. Besides, there are many more herbarium specimens of macro-algae and
also some plant fossil specimens waiting for registration to the collection of the herbarium.
The PSU herbarium enjoys its superb duty in
serving teaching and research, not only for the PSU staff, but it do
serves as a place for reference collection of plants for various
kind of researches in Peninsular Thailand as a whole.
In 2000, together with BKF and BK Herbaria, the
PSU Herbarium has proudly joined the data base project for Plant
Genetic Conservation under the royal patronage of HRH Princess Maha
At present, the Herbarium, though supported by
and situated at the Department of Biology, Fac. of Science, is the
part of Prince of Songkla University Natural History Museum. It has
housed around 20,000 herbarium specimens with addition of some more
spirit, and pollen specimens included plant fossils. It is one of
the three international herbaria of the Kingdom beside the Forest
Herbarium (BKF) and the Bangkok Herbarium (BK) in Bangkok. Its
collection represents mostly the flora of Peninsular Thailand and
the North of Malay Peninsula.